Operational News

Changes of algorithm and/or data as well as recent news of any (temporay) data gaps or degraded data:

Blog Posts

Abstract

The SMOS & CryoSat-2 Sea Ice Data Product Processing and Dissemination Service (CS2SMOS-PDS) ensures the automated and continuous operational generation of the SMOS and the merged CryoSat-2/SMOS Sea Ice Thickness products.

Data access

Daily SMOS and weekly merged CryoSat-2/SMOS sea ice thickness data can be downloaded via FTP through a Web browser, a FTP client (e.g. FileZilla) or command line. The access is anomymous.

Get data via AWI FTP

Alternatively, data can be downloaded from the ESA SMOS Dissemination server by ftps and https:

Get data via ESA FTPS and https

Info

Due to melting season, the SMOS and CryoSat-2 data processing and dissemination is stopped between May and September.




How to cite the data

For the merged CryoSat-2/SMOS sea ice thickness data, please

  1. cite:

    Ricker, R., Hendricks, S., Kaleschke, L., Tian-Kunze, X., King, J., and Haas, C.: A weekly Arctic sea-ice thickness data record from merged CryoSat-2 and SMOS satellite data, The Cryosphere, 11, 1607-1623, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-1607-2017, 2017.

  2. include the following phrase into the acknowledgment:

    "The production of the merged CryoSat-SMOS sea ice thickness data was funded by the ESA project SMOS & CryoSat-2 Sea Ice Data Product Processing and Dissemination Service, and data from DATE to DATE were obtained from AWI."

For the SMOS Sea Ice Thickness data, please

  1. cite:

    Tian-Kunze, X. , Kaleschke, L., Maaß, N., Mäkynen, M., Serra, N., Drusch, M., and Krumpen, T. (2014) SMOS-derived thin sea ice thickness: algorithm baseline, product specifications and initial verification, The Cryosphere , 8, 997-1018, doi:10.5194/tc-8-997-2014

  2. include the following phrase into the acknowledgment:

    "The production of the SMOS sea ice thickness data was funded by the ESA project SMOS & CryoSat-2 Sea Ice Data Product Processing and Dissemination Service, and data from DATE to DATE were obtained from AWI."





Generation of the operational (near real-time) L4 CryoSat-2/SMOS product will be temporarily discontinued from March 1st 2024 onwards due to the Interruption of SMOS L3C data processing. Production will be resumed as soon as SMOS data is available again. Updated will be posted here. 

The reprocessed L4 CryoSat-2/SMOS product is currently not affected. 

SMOS L3C sea ice thickness processing has been interrupted since 22nd February. The reason is SMOS satellite switched to safe mode. Investigations are still in progress. The processing will be resumed as soon as the situation is normalised.


JRA55 reanalysis is an auxiliary data set for SMOS sea ice thickness retrieval. The update of this near real-time JRA55 data will terminate at the end of January 2024, instead, the Japanese Reanalysis for Three Quarters of a Century (JRA-3Q) will be used thereafter. The impact of this transition on L3 SMOS and L4 CS2SMOS products will be analyzed in detail after the reprocessing of the complete data in April 2024. A preliminary comparison of JRA55 and JRA-3Q temperature and its impact on L3 SMOS sea ice thickness product is shown in Figure 1. There is temperature difference up to 5K in some regions in the Arctic, which is caused by the update of sea-ice and snow schemes in JRA-3Q. 

Figure 1. Temperature difference between JRA-3Q and JRA55 in December 2023 (left) and the difference in SMOS sea ice thickness caused by the transition from JRA55 to JRA-3Q for the same month (right).

Operational processing and dissemination of the L4 CryoSat-2/SMOS near real-time sea ice thickness product has been resumed for the winter season of 2023/24 with data since 15 October 2023. See CryoSat-SMOS Merged Sea Ice Thickness for updates of version 206. 


First sea ice thickness data from the L4 CryoSat-2/SMOS v206 near real-time product (Oct 15 - Oct 21, 2023)

The dissemination through ESA's Earth Online is running. The most recent data from October 17th show no major data gaps in the sea ice area. You can access data using the SMOS L3 catalogue tree view


Comparison of SMOS ice thickness extent with NSIDC sea ice index


An analysis of the first data from the Arctic freezing season shows that SMOS ice extent is lower than in the previous two years. The graph shows the SMOS ice extent for October 15 and 16, an average of two days. The data looks reasonable and is also consistent with the NSIDC sea ice extent. 

Please note that missing data is filled with the average of all previous years. The gap filling was in particular necessary for the beginning of the time series for the 2010/2011 season with persistent RFI sources in the Greenland Sea (see Kaleschke and Tian-Kunze, 2021).

October 2023: RFI problems in Russian Arctic

The animation shows the SMOS sea ice thickness product in the first days of October. Data gaps (dark gray) occur primarily over the Russian parts of the Arctic Ocean. Such persistent RFI problems did not occur since the season 2010/2011.

Further analysis is required to evaluate whether it is possible to reduce data loss while maintaining data quality through improved (relaxed) RFI filtering techniques.

For more information on RFI see https://rfi.smos.eo.esa.int/

References 

L. Kaleschke and X. Tian-Kunze, "SMOS Sea Ice Thickness Data Product Quality Control by Comparison with the Regional Sea Ice Extent," 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS, Brussels, Belgium, 2021, pp. 1110-1113, doi: 10.1109/IGARSS47720.2021.9553630.





Operational processing and dissemination of L3 SMOS sea ice thickness product has been resumed for the winter season of 2023/24 since 15 October 2023.

Operational processing and dissemination of L3 and L4 sea ice thickness products in the Arctic for the 2022/23 winter season ended on 15 April, 2023. Reprocessing of L4 CS2SMOS product (r product) will continue until end of May.

L3 SMOS Sea Ice Thickness data processing is resumed since 9 December. The missing L3 SMOS data have been reprocessed. From 12 December on the operational L4 CS2SMOS SIT product is no longer degraded.

L3 SMOS Sea Ice Thickness processing is interrupted since 2 December due to missing JRA55 reanalysis data, which is an auxiliary input data for the SMOS SIT production. Accordingly L4 CS2SMOS production is degraded with less inputs from L3 SMOS products. 

Sea Ice Concentration data from OSI-SAF is (OSI-401-b) is currently not available due to missing DMSP SSMIS Level-1 input data:

https://osi-saf.eumetsat.int/community/list-of-service-messages

Daily sea ice concentration data from OSI-401-b is critical input to the CryoSat-2 sea ice product and data from the following dates is (currently) missing:

  • CryoSat-2 l2p

The production of operational CryoSat-2/SMOS sea ice thickness data continues, but with less input data from CryoSat-2.

Operational processing and dissemination of L3 SMOS sea ice thickness product has been resumed for the winter season of 2022/23 since 15 October 2022.

Operational processing and dissemination of L4 merged CryoSat-2/SMOS sea ice thickness product has been resumed for the winter season of 2022/23 since 15 October 2022.

The new algorithm version is v205 and a full mission reprocessing is available.

Download

ftp://ftp.awi.de/sea_ice/product/cryosat2_smos/v205/nh

(ftp client required)

DocumentationTo be provided
CitationTo be provided


The CryoSat-2/SMOS sea ice thickness file for the observation period from April 9th to April 15th, 2022 has been generated, because there is no SMOS sea ice thickness data after April 15. The generation of CS2SMOS data will resume in late October 2022.

Access to recent CryoSat-2 science data via ftp has resumed (ESA announcement). Most recent CryoSat-2/SMOS reprocessed data is still impacted by data gap and will be reprocessed shortly.